The month of November is the end, but also the beginning of the agrarian year. Once the main crops, flowering, and sowing have ended, all that remains now is to prepare for winter rest.
The culmination day is November 11, the date on which the agricultural contracts expired and registered in San Martino, from which the expression ” do San Martino ” was born to signify that he was moving. For the peasants of the past, that date could mean the breaking of the agricultural sharecropping contract or a contract that established half of the goods produced in favor of the owner of the fund as rent in kind. This meant loading everything on a cart and moving to another new farm, if possible. But it was also a period of important markets for the sale of cattle, festivals, and parties.
Meteorologically speaking, it is the month that lets the cold enter definitively. In the first days of the month, the weather phenomenon of some warm days defined as ” Summer of San Martino ” is typical. Usually, it is a fleeting episode that gives way to almost winter temperatures.
Work in the garden in November
By now, there is not so much to do in a vegetable garden, but the season of transplants in the orchard and of the bottom fertilizations of the soil with compost is beginning to open.
Consult the lunar calendar because tree plants are placed with a crescent moon and fertilization, as well as apple and pear tree pruning, with a waning moon.
Transplants in the first-fortnight garden
Garlic, cabbage in cassone, shallot, small onion bulbs.
Collected in the first-fortnight garden
Beetroot, cardoon, carrot, endive chicory, wild chicory, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, curly kale, Navone, horseradish, fennel, leek, chard, winter radish, scorzobianca, black salsify, topinambour, parsnip, turnip, spinach.
Sowing second vegetable garden
The sowing in the outdoor garden is over.
Transplants in the second-fortnight garden
Collected in the second-fortnight garden
Thistle, carrot, endive chicory, wild chicory, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, Navone, horseradish, fennel, lamb’s lettuce, scorzobianca, black salsify, Jerusalem artichoke, parsnip, turnip, spinach.
Preparations for the following months
Start preparing the bottom of the warm bed for the plant nursery with an excavation of at least 50 cm where it will be placed.
Green spills and fertilizers
If you still have green manures, phacelia, or mustard, it’s time to bury them.
It is also a suitable month for adequate fertilizing of the bottom with composted organic material.
It is also the time for hoeing in the clay soils, taking advantage of it for a covering of some crops such as artichoke and onion.
Work in the garden
Period suitable for transplanting roses. It is still possible to plant flower bulbs.
Next full moon: Saturday, November 12
Next new moon: Saturday, November 26
Did you know that …
The 1st day of November was the ancient Celtic New Year, still celebrated today with the name of Samhain. It is the oldest festival in central-northern Europe, in use since the 4th century BC. The day before, it was absorbed by the Roman calendar and united to the festivity of the dead, Lemuria, which the Romans celebrated on November 11, and this could explain why the agricultural year ends on that same day. But it was only in 731 that this day was transformed into All Saints and absorbed this time in the ecclesiastical calendar.