The Asparagus

Cultivation

We can grow it from the seed and transplant it when the roots become too large. Hybrids bear more fruit, but their seeds are not available, so we buy the seeds. The first two years after sowing, we must not cut the first sprouts for the plant to become stronger.

Distances

Among the rows at least 2 m, among the plants in a row at least 50 cm.

Position

With sunny skies.

Quantity

From 5 to 10 plants per person.

Date of sowing

We buy the seedlings in April, and we plant them. Instead, the seed should be sown in early spring, and the seedlings transplanted to a permanent place the following spring when the earth is at least 10 ° C. The seed sprouts about four weeks.

Composting

Before sowing, we fertilize the soil well with manure. In autumn, we cover the plantation with straw and home compost. In the summer, we water the plants with a mixture of nettles a few times.

Watering

Only necessary the first year after the transplant, otherwise not. But after years of drought, the harvest is smaller, so it is good to water it occasionally.

Good neighbors

beans, peas, broad beans, kohlrabi, bell pepper, tomato, parsley, basil, lamb’s lettuce, spinach, marigold, nasturtium

Bad neighbors

mint, onion, garlic, shallot

Diseases and pests

Asparagus fly, asparagus rust. In the early years, we grow tomatoes near asparagus to chase away pests. We strengthen the plain with preparations of algae; if rust occurs, we use prepared horsetail.

Collection

We cut the new shoots in the early morning hours. The best are the fresh ones, so we collect them gradually and cool them immediately in hot water. For a short time, we can store them in the fridge in a damp cloth or in a glass-like bouquet. We can store them in acid or in brine. If the plant is young, they grow from 2 to 4 weeks, if it is 12 weeks old. We are careful that at least six shots remain on the plant for summer growth.

Supply

We eat young shoots when they spring up. They contain vitamins C, E and B vitamins, alkaloid asparagine, essential oil and tin, molybdenum, and silicon minerals. They are good for the renal system and the liver and purify the whole body.

Important

It is a perennial plant, so before sowing it, we must clean the earth of the weeds and hoe it deeply, since the asparagus has very deep roots. The root system does not develop in a circle, but only to the left and to the right, so we plant them so that the roots do not go into the space between the rows – otherwise, we would damage them at every treatment of the earth. In autumn, we cover the growth site with a layer of straw and compost, but in spring, we discover it.

Special features

It is a perennial plant that derives from Asia Minor and Central Asia. White asparagus is grown in a particular way when we cover and whiten the shoots. The cultivation of big shoots is more demanding. Moreover, they contain half less of useful substances.

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